What are light fitting IP ratings?
Our guide below explains:
- The meaning of IP rating numbers (IP54, IP65 etc.)
- Examples of lighting IP requirements for various commercial/industrial applications
Our guide below explains:
Here at Green Business Light, our energy efficient industrial and commercial light fitting installations must be correctly specified for use in the client's building (e.g. - factory, warehouse etc) - one of the ways this is done is the selection of the appropriate light fitting 'IP rating' e.g. - IP65, IP54....but what is this?
This guide helps you to understand what lighting IP ratings mean, how they are defined and how it is applied when choosing fittings for a lighting system (including LED industrial light fittings).
The 'IP' Code is a standard referred to as International Protection Marking (also commonly interpreted as Ingress Protection Marking) - it rates the inherent degree of 'sealing protection' provided by the mechanical casing/electrical enclosure of a device against intrusion from foreign bodies (e.g. - fingers, tools, wires, insects, dust etc.) and forms of water exposure (e.g. - condensation, droplets, direct spray, full submersion etc.)
IP ratings are a well recognised benchmark (IEC international standard EN 60529 (British BS EN 60529:1992, European IEC 60509:1989) and are applied to many everyday devices - e.g. electronic/electric consumer goods
Each IP code, has TWO digits to define its level of protection - an "x" is used as one of the digits if there is only one class of protection. The European Standard EN 60529 outlines the IP ratings as an international classification system for "enclosures for electrical equipment" as follows:
The first digit of the IP code indicates the degree that persons are protected against contact with moving parts (other than smooth rotating shafts, etc.) and the degree that equipment is protected against solid foreign bodies intruding into an enclosure.
The second digit indicates the degree of protection of the equipment inside the enclosure against the harmful entry of various forms of moisture (e.g. dripping, spraying, submersion, etc.)
When choosing light fixtures for a commercial or industrial building, the IP rating specification should reflect the environmental conditions that the light fitting is likely to experience.
The first digit of the IP code (protection against touching of live parts & access of solid items/bodies) will primarily be used to refer to the level of dust/debris protection of the light source in the housing (some industrial environments will have very high level of particulates)
The second digit of the IP code (protection against the harmful ingress of liquids) will be used to prevent the possibility of internal short circuiting of the light wiring & ballast by liquid - this is a possibility due to on-site industrial processes emitting liquid sprays, cleaning routines using water jets etc.
Taking an example - an energy efficient industrial LED light fitting is to be used to replace a 400 Watt metal halide high bay fixture - how would the IP rating numbers indicate the characteristics of that light fitting?
|0||The LED industrial lighting fixture has no special protection|
|1||The LED industrial lighting fixture has protection from solid objects greater than 50mm|
|2||The LED industrial lighting fixture has protection against objects greater than 12mm in diameter|
|3||The LED industrial lighting fixture has protection against objects with a diameter of 2.5 mm or more|
|4||The LED industrial lighting fixture has protection against objects 1mm in diameter|
|5||The LED industrial lighting fixture has protection against harmful dust|
|6||The LED industrial lighting fixture is totally dust tight|
|1||The LED industrial lighting fixture has protection against dripping water|
|2||The LED industrial lighting fixture has protection against water droplets deflected up to 15° from vertical|
|3||The LED industrial lighting fixture has protection against spray up to 60° from vertical|
|4||The LED industrial lighting fixture has protection against water spray from all directions|
|5||The LED industrial lighting fixture has protection against low pressure water jets (all directions)|
|6||The LED industrial lighting fixture has protection against strong water jets|
|7||The LED industrial lighting fixture is protected against temporary immersion in water|
|8||The LED industrial lighting fixture is protected against prolonged effects of immersion under pressure|
The diagram below shows this in more detail:
Since 2008 we have been supplying & installing energy efficient lighting solutions in commercial & industrial buildings. Looking for a turnkey project service or just sourcing light fixtures on a supply-only basis? - we can help!
Carry out a FREE lighting survey of your building
Advise the lighting technologies most suitable for you (LED etc.)
Provide a quotation for a new lighting system (with an energy savings report)
Arrange an on-site trial of energy efficient lighting
Some key points in considering a new energy efficient warehouse lighting system are:
If you already have this information the Green Business Light can give you a head start on getting your warehouse project started - go here to get started.